Policy of Subordinate Isolation (1813-1858)

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In the previous article about Policy of Ring Fence, we discussed the policy of the British with native states up to 1919. Today we will discuss about Policy of Subordinate Isolation. Policy of Subordinate Isolation (1813-1858) Wellesley largely succeeded in making the British the supreme power in India and whatever remained was completed by Marquess of Hastings. After the third … Read More

Causes of The First War of Indian Independence – 1857 Revolt

Sansar LochanHistory of India4 Comments


The revolt of 1857 has a extraordinary place in the history of India. This event is known by different names such as, “the Sepoy Mutiny”, “The Indian rebellion” and the “First war of Indian Independence”. This was the first joint revolt against the British. It was the end result of the already simmering discontent of Indians against the policies of … Read More

Brief Note on First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782)

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As we all know the British East India Company, which was originally a trade organisation, rapidly grew into an imperialistic institution. It fort several wars through the width and length of India. However, towards the end of the 18th century, it faced a great challenge from the Marathas who were very strong in the western and central flanks of the … Read More

Major significance of the Permanent Settlement of 1793

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Ques.  Critically analyse the major significance of the Permanent Settlement of 1793. Comment on the ideological influences that played  important role in its introduction. The colonial state in India aimed to extend its  administrative control and tap maximum revenue as possible.After the  Battle of Buxar( 1764)the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II had granted the Company the “Diwani”  rights over Bengal, … Read More

Most important aspects of Non-cooperation movement

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Background of non-cooperation movement In Champaran, Khera and Ahmdabad, in a long history of discontent checks, the peasants were forced to grow indigo for Lancashire and Manchester cloth mills. When the opposition to British Raj increased the government took the national agitation as seditious and the expression to this can be seen in measures like the Rowlett act of 1919 … Read More

State of non- agricultural production and internal commerce during Mughal period

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The process of production and distribution of goods and commodities in India was based on the co-existence and inter-penetration of commercialized and subsistence sector. It also involved the interdependence among various castes and communities of people. This process was spread over a large geographical area requiring adequate capital and organizational authority. The demand for manufactured goods was always high in … Read More

Deccan policy under Akbar – Short Notes for UPSC

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AKBAR’s DECCAN POLICY Mughal advance to the Deccan The Mughal Deccan policy started from Akbar’s period as Babur and Humayun were only concerned with the consolidation of North India which was a logical step.Akbar’s movements into the Deccan began in 1591 as he sent diplomatic missions to the Deccan states asking them to accept nominal sovereignty of the Mughal state … Read More

Religious Policy of Aurangzeb and Ideologies

Sansar LochanHistory of India1 Comment

Aurangzeb as a ruler has attracted a lot of attention due to his policies of administration in the empire especially religious policies. S.R. Sharma not only calls Aurangzeb a puritan, but assumes that ‘Muslim theology triumphed’ with his attainment. The author goes on to list the various acts of domination or prejudice perpetuated by Aurangzeb during his supremacy of 50 … Read More

Jahangir’s Religious Policies and Ideologies

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Modern scholars hold different views on the nature of religious policies of the Mughal emperors after Akbar. The 17th century saw the rule of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. All these emperors had a different approach towards the empire and towards the continuance and rejection of Akbar’s established religious policies. Religious policy of Jahangir Jahangir, as an emperor had fought his … Read More

Pabna Revolt – An agrarian Revolt (1873-76)

Sansar LochanHistory of India1 Comment

Anti-moneylender riots were also in Bengal (except in tribal pockets), for here too the mahajan was often the local rich peasant or jotedar whose credit in any case was quite indispensable for production. The zamindar in contrast had virtually no productive role, and claims to “high landlordism” led to wid-spread resistance by substantial raiytats in large parts of east Bengal … Read More