Policy of Ring Fence (1765-1813)

Sansar LochanModernLeave a Comment

Today, we will try to discuss what is the Policy of Ring Fence policy. The relations of the British with Indian states underwent changes at different times because these were based purely on grounds of expediency. The British never lost sight of their Imperial interests. Therefore, their relations with native states were governed by their interests which varied at different … Read More

The Partition of Bengal : 1905

Sansar LochanModern1 Comment

The Partition of Bengal The partition of Bengal in 1905 was one measure which created deep discontentment among the Indians, The province of Bengal, Bihar and Odisha was divided into two parts. The original province included western Bengal, Bihar and Odisha and the new province included Assam and eastern Bengal. Curzon pleaded that Bengal was too large a province and … Read More

Lord Curzon : Reforms and the administrative measures

Sansar LochanModernLeave a Comment

Lord Curzon had visited India several times before his appointment as the governor-general of India in 1899. It was said that he knew more about India than any other man living at that time. Besides, he was a determined and industrious man. He, therefore, carried out large number of reform measures. But Curzon failed to understand the genuine problems and … Read More

A Brief Note on Ilbert Bill – 1884

Sansar LochanModern, UncategorizedLeave a Comment

Sir C.P. Ilbert was the Law member of the executive council of the governor-general. He introduced a bill, popularly known as Ilbert Bill in 1883. Before reading further, I would like to make you read this article :- Lord Ripon. Ilbert Bill In fact, Ripon had desired it with a view to abolishing the distinction between the rights of the … Read More

Lord Ripon (1880-1884) – A well-meaning Governor-General

Sansar LochanModernLeave a Comment

In 1880, Gladstone, the leader of the Liberal Party in Britain formed the government. He deputed Lord Ripon to India to carry out his liberal policy. Besides, the administrative measures of Lord Lytton had injured the sentiments of Indians and their erupted disturbances at several places. Ripon, therefore, attempted to pacify Indian public opinion. He, therefore, abolished some repressive measures … Read More

Administration of Lord Lytton (1876-1880)

Sansar LochanModernLeave a Comment

Lord Lytton was a man of literary tastes but he suffered from two handicaps. One, that he was not acquainted with affairs in India. Second, Disraeli, the Prime Minister of England had deputed him to India with the specific object of pursuing a forward policy against Afghanistan. Thus, Lytton represented a particular viewpoint and came to India to fulfill certain … Read More

Short Notes on Civil Rebellions and Peasant Revolts

Sansar LochanModernLeave a Comment

Besides caste and tribal revolts several revolts of civilians or peasants occurred against the British prior to and after the revolt of 1857, which contract the view that the Indians were happy under the British rule. On the contrary, these revolts prove that civilians and peasants were also dissatisfied with the British rule and they expressed their resentment even prior … Read More

Tribal Revolts in Central and Eastern India

Sansar LochanModernLeave a Comment

Among revolts during the British period, tribal revolts were most significant. The tribals mostly lived in hills and forests. They subsisted through shifting agriculture, agriculture labour and labour in distant mines, factories etc. Tribal Revolts Commercialisation of agriculture, increasing control over forests for revenue purposes and utilization of forest wealth for the benefit of urban people resulted in penetration of … Read More

Efforts of Gandhi for improving the condition of Lower Castes

Sansar LochanModernLeave a Comment

Efforts or Contribution of M.K. Gandhi Ji for improving/uplifting the condition of lower castes The advent of M. K. Gandhi in Indian politics brought the movement of uplifting lower castes to national scene. In 1917, the ‘India Congress’ passed a resolution for removing the disabilities imposed on lower castes. In 1921, the ‘All India Congress’ again appealed to the Hindus … Read More

Social Movements in the Deccan and Maharashtra

Sansar LochanModernLeave a Comment

Many revolts occurred during the British rule in India besides the revolt of 1857. Several of them were led by lower castes against the upper castes particularly against the Brahmans, several of them were of tribals or those of cultivators against local Sahukars (money-lenders) or land- lords or a few of them against English landlords. However, the primary cause of … Read More