Very Short Note on Independence and Partition, Source NCERT

Sansar LochanHistory of India1 Comment

I am making a very short note on Independence and Partition of India with the help of NCERT History Books. Hope you will like it. So here is the story:-

Independence and Partition

After the second world war, the Labour Party came to power in England and Clement Atlee became the Prime Minister. He deputed a commission to India in 1946, which became famous as “Cabinet Mission“. The Cabinet Mission held discussions and rejected the creation of Pakistan. It proposed a federal government for the whole of India and formation of a Constituent Assembly through elections, which would draft a constitution and form an interim government. The Muslim League rejected it and Jinnah called for “Direct Action Day”. “Lekar Rahenge Pakistan” was the slogan of the League. This resulted in communal violence at many places, bloodshed and killings. A Constituent Assembly was constituted under the Chairmanship of Babu Rajendra Prasad on 9th December, 1946. Lord Mountbatten became the Viceroy of India and he held talks with the Congress and the Muslim League. The “Mountbatten Plan” was announced by Prime Minister Clement Atlee in the House of Commons on 2nd June 1947 hence it is also called as “June Plan”. It was introduced in the British Parliament on 5th July and ratified on 18th July as “Independence of India Act 1947”. The British Indian possessions were divided into India and Pakistan. Radcliffe line demarcated the boundaries between the two. Pakistan became independent on 14th August and India on 15th August 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru became the First Prime Minister and Mountbatten was made the Governor General. Hence Mountbatten was the last Viceroy and Governor General of British India and the First Governor General of independent India. Vallabhbhai Patel became the Deputy Prime Minister. He was instrumental in reorganizing the princely Indian States into the Indian Federation. He was called “Sardar”, and “Iron Man of India”.  Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution. The Constitution was brought into effect on 26th January, 1950 and India became Republic.

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